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Investment Strategies for Passive Investors


Investing can often seem like a complex and overwhelming process, especially with the multitude of strategies and options available. For many, the prospect of actively managing investments and constantly monitoring their portfolio might feel like something they need to do. In reality that will only create bad habits like timing the market or buying investments for a short period of time only for a quick gain, or chasing past performance. This is where passive investing outshines—a solution that can simplify the process and prevent people from making bad decisions in investing.

Understanding Passive Investing

Passive investing is a strategy that aims to replicate the performance of a specific index or market segment rather than trying to outperform it. The primary goal is to achieve long-term growth with minimal trading and lower costs. This approach contrasts with active investing,where fund managers and investors actively make buy and sell decisions to beat the market.

Key Principles of Passive Investing:

  1. Diversification: Passive investing typically involves holding a wide range of assets to spread risk. This diversification helps to minimize the impact of any single investment's poor performance on the overall portfolio.
  2. Low Costs:Passive funds, such as index funds and exchange-traded funds (ETFs), usually have lower fees compared to actively managed funds. The reduced tradingactivity and lower management expenses contribute to these cost savings.
  3. Long-Term Focus: Passive investors aim for long-term growth rather than short-term gains. By staying invested over an extended period, they benefit from themarket's overall upward trajectory despite short-term volatility.

Pros of Passive Investing Over Active Management

  1. Lower Fees:One of the most significant advantages of passive investing is the lower cost. Actively managed funds often come with higher management fees and trading costs, which can erode returns over time. Passive funds, on the other hand,have lower expense ratios, allowing more of your money to stay invested and grow.
  2. Consistent Performance: While active managers aim to outperform the market, research shows that many fail to do so consistently. Passive investing ensures that you matchthe market's performance, which historically has provided solid returns overthe long term.
  3. Reduced Risk: Diversification inherent in passive investing helps to spread riskacross various assets. This reduces the likelihood of significant losses due tothe poor performance of a single investment or sector.
  4. Tax Efficiency: Passive funds tend to be more tax-efficient than active funds. The lower turnover rate in passive portfolios means fewer capital gains distributions, leading to lower tax liabilities for investors.

Implementing a Passive Investment Strategy

To implement a passive investment strategy,consider the following steps:

  1. Choose the Right Funds: Look for low-cost index funds or ETFs that track broad marketindices like the S&P 500, TSX Composite, or global market indices. These funds provide instant diversification and align with the principles of passive investing.
  2. Set Asset Allocation: Determine the appropriate asset allocation based on your risktolerance, investment goals, and time horizon. A mix of equities and fixedincome can provide a balanced approach.
  3. Stick to your Plan: Investors should always have a plan when it comes to their goals,and finances. This plan would allow you to determine how quickly you can achieve your goals and what it takes to get there.  
  4. Regular Contributions: Make regular contributions to your investment portfolio. This will be dictated by your plan, and would take your budget and risk tolerance in consideration. Consistent investing, regardless of market conditions, allows you to take advantage of dollar-cost averaging, reducing the impact of market volatility.
  5. Rebalance Periodically: While passive investing is hands-off, periodic rebalancing ensures that your portfolio maintains its desired asset allocation. This can be done annually or semi-annually to keep your investment strategy on track.
  6. Stay the Course: Market fluctuations are inevitable, but the key to successful investing is staying committed to your long-term plan. Avoid the temptation tomake impulsive changes based on short-term market movements.


Passive investing offers a straightforward, cost-effective, and efficient way to grow your wealth over the long term. By adhering to the principles of diversification, low costs, and a long-term focus, passive investors can achieve consistent performance with reduced risk. Whether you're a seasoned investor or just starting, passive investing provides a reliable strategy to help you reach your financial goals. If you are wondering what the best strategy for you is, click here to schedule a free consultation.

This information has been prepared by Jai Gandhi who is an Investment Advisor for iA Private Wealth Inc. and does not necessarily reflect the opinion of iA Private Wealth. The information contained in this newsletter comes from sources we believe reliable, but we cannot guarantee its accuracy or reliability. The opinions expressed are based on an analysis and interpretation dating from the date of publication and are subject to change without notice. Furthermore, they do not constitute an offer or solicitation to buy or sell any of the securities mentioned. The information contained herein may not apply to all types of investors. The Investment Advisor can open accounts only in the provinces in which they are registered.

iA Private Wealth Inc. is a member of the Canadian Investor Protection Fund and the Canadian Investment Regulatory Organization. iA Private Wealth is a trademark and business name under which iA Private Wealth Inc. operates.


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